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The Republic of Korea has been playing a leading role in the disarmament and nonproliferation issues on both weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and conventional weapons. To begin with, as the Chair of the 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit held on March 26-27, Korea has demonstrated our national capacity in the field of international peace and security. Korea also took the lead in adopting the Seoul Communique for realizing a "world free of nuclear weapons."
Korea is also serving as the Chair of the UN Security Council 1540 Committee(H.E. Oh Joon, Permanent Representative of the ROK Mission to the UN) with the mission of preventing WMD proliferation against non-State actors such as terrorists. The 1540 Committee monitors and facilitates the implementation of Security Council resolution 1540 adopted unanimously under Chapter VII of the UN Charter on April 28, 2004. Its focus also lies in providing assistance as requested by States and strengthening the coordination with other international nonproliferation initiatives. As the Chair, we will actively contribute to strengthening and coordinating the global nonproliferation endeavor for a safer world.
In addition, the Republic of Korea has also been a leader in creating and furthering international norm on various subject areas in the UN General Assembly. For instance, it has tabled biennial resolution on illicit brokering since the 63rd Session of the General Assembly in 2008, contributing to reaching agreements on rules that each State should follow in this area. At the 67th Session of the General Assembly in 2012, this resolution was adopted with an overwhelming support from 183 Member States.
In 2012, it also tabled a resolution commemorating the 10th anniversary of the launch of the Hague Code of Conduct (HCOC) on preventing missile proliferation and consolidating the international commitment as the Chair of the Code. 83 Member States joined the initiative as co-sponsors.
In the conventional weapons field, the UN General Assembly adopted the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) with an overwhelming support in April 2013. The Republic of Korea joined the first signatories when the ATT was open for signature on June 3, 2013. Korea believes that this first-ever legally binding multilateral treaty on transfers of conventional weapons need to come into effect at an early date, and thus calls for all States to join the effort.
In September 2013, the Security Council the first Security Council resolution on small arms and light weapons (resolution 2117). As a member of the Council, Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se took part in the high-level debate and stressed the need to further strengthen the role of the Security Council and the international community in combatting illicit small arms and light weapons.
Furthermore, the Korean government co-hosts the ROK-UN Joint Conference on Disarmament and Nonproliferation every year with the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs (ODA). At the 11th Conference in 2012, with many disarmament and nonproliferation experts including High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, Angela Kane participating from in and out of the country, participants exchanged views on a wide range of topics on the Arms Trade Treaty, issues regarding missiles, prevention of illicit arms trade, etc. under the theme of ‘Disarmament and Arms Trade Control in Asia and Beyond: Conventional Weapons and Missiles'